Earth Day 2011: Conservation of Tropical Forests and Biodiversity
Trees and forests act as natural climate regulators and carbon storage areas for our planet. Other benefits that forests provide are pollination, seed dispersal, natural pest control, ecotourism, and aesthetic beauty. Some scientists believe that forests may account for as much as 50 percent of the Earth’s biodiversity.
Tropical forests in particular sustain a diverse and interconnected community of plants and animals. As many as one million species found in these forests could become endangered or extinct by the end of the 21st century. The destruction of forests adversely affects the environment by altering local rainfall patterns, accelerating soil erosion, causing rivers to flood, and threatening millions of species with extinction.